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With Facebook’s artificial intelligence negotiating in its own self-created language, machine learning is front and center in the news. According to The Guardian, law students who understand the impact of AI and machine learning on legal services could also be front and center once they’re out of school.

This is not to say human lawyers are at risk of being replaced by robots, or at least not quite yet. A 2013 study conducted by the Oxford Martin School at Oxford University on the future of employment took a look at the risk of automated systems replacing different jobs over the next 20 years. Lawyers had only a 3.5 percent chance of being switched out for robots. (The future doesn’t look as bright for other legal jobs, with judges having a 40 percent chance of replacement and a whopping 94 percent for paralegals.)

Lawyers may be safe for the moment because the advice they give requires taking a number of complex issues and views into account. According to Andrew Murray, a professor of technology law at the London School of Economics, “that’s much more difficult to program.” And while areas of statutory law, like tax, may benefit from technology’s effectiveness at processing data, the human touch will probably always be necessary for mediation and making ethical judgments.

Automation will impact the shape of legal work, but Murray suggests that lawyers can take a more active role in defining that future by working the programmers on properly written algorithms. To that end, law students could get ahead of the curve with internships at Google or Facebook, Murray says. They should also be as informed as possible about emerging areas as virtual reality and artificial intelligence.

Law students may have to be prepared to do that work on their own. “Most universities continue to teach a traditional curriculm, which was fine up until a few years ago,” says Christina Blacklaws, director of innovation at Cripps LLP, “but might not properly prepare young people.” Those concerns can be found on this side of the pond as well: A Robert Half study revealed that eight in 10 corporate lawyers noted an increase in collaboration with IT specialists in the past two years. But a separate Robert Half survey showed 67% of law firm and corporate lawyer respondents found it somewhat or very challenging to find legal professionals who spoke both languages of law and tech.

According to Law Technology Today, the curricula of the U.S. News & World Report Top 20 Law Schools reveals very little concentration on legal tech-related courses, and even less opportunity for hands-on experience. But some schools, like the University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Law, are stepping it up. Michael Robak, Associate Director of the UMKC Leon E. Bloch law library and School of Law CTO, personally vets practice management software and e-discovery platforms that will be taught in class. “Clients expect lawyers to be able to collaborate effectively with IT professionals and have a new technical skill set inclusive of data analysis, e-discovery software, and even, in some cases, programming,” he says. “Technology knowledge gives graduating law students a distinct competitive advantage.”

Teaching these platforms, however, requires professors with hands-on experience. “A challenge for the legal academy is that many law professors aren’t fluent in technology,” Robak said. He emphasized the need for adjunct faculty who are skilled in legal tech to partner with schools.

If law schools are slowly but surely embracing legal technology, some states have made that knowledge compulsory. The American Bar Association changed its Model Rules of Professional Conduct to clarify that lawyers have an ethical duty to be competent in technology as well as the law. More than half the states in the U.S. formally adopted the revision.